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FULBRIGHT REGIONAL ENRICHMENT CONFERENCE

DoubleTree by Hilton Hotel, Kuala Lumpur
March 14 -16, 2018

INNOVATIVE AND RESILIENT ASEAN COMMUNITIES

 

 2018 Fulbright Enrichment Regional Conference
Reception at the Ambassador’s residence, March 15, 2018.
For more photos, click on the picture.

 

 

    Click on for the 2018 Fulbright Enrichment Conference Report    

 

 

   ABSTRACTS    

Georgia Schmitt 
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Brunei
Conservation biology

For the presentation on“Out of Sight, Out of Mind: Monitoring the Elusive Carnivores of Brunei”, click on here.

 

Jake Meyers 
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Cambodia
Environment

For the presentation on “Fire Management and Policy Analysis in Prek Toal”, click on here.

  

Sophia Nop      
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Cambodia     
Computer Science
Narrowing the Digital Divide through Mobile App Development 

The digital divide has growing impacts for socioeconomically disenfranchised groups. This research studies how instructors teach computational thinking in a culturally competent manner. By piloting a mobile app development curriculum built in partnership with 2 of my host affiliation’s information and communication technology (ICT) instructors, we are able to test which methods are most conducive to students’ learning of science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) concepts and their relationship to these – STEM identity. Essentially, I am conducting participatory design research to understand the intersection of what makes computer science curriculum more culturally competent and accessible for traditionally marginalized groups, in STEM education and careers. By implementing a variety of user experience research methodologies, I am collecting qualitative and quantitative data through ethnography, participatory design, interviews, focus groups, and surveys. For the presentation, click on here.

 

Dr. Yvonne Rafferty
U.S. Fulbright Scholar – Thailand – Cambodia – Laos (ASEAN AWARD)
Global Mental Health (Psychology)            
Prevention and Protection Practices for the Successful Identification, Recovery and Reintegration of Victims of Child Trafficking in Southeast Asia

This qualitative project focuses on the identification, recovery, and reintegration of victims of child trafficking in Southeast Asia. There is a paucity of research on interventions for such children, including activities to identify victims and ensure their psychosocial recovery and reintegration. In addition, the services and practices that have been identified are not adequately researched, documented or implemented, and their effectiveness and cultural appropriateness remain uncertain. The proposed project addresses this gap in the literature; it also explores appropriate strategies when victims are children and not adults, and required modification to identified promising practices when implemented outside of the USA and other developed nations. Three specific areas will be addressed: (1) identification of victims; (2) service needs; and (3) interim care and psychosocial support.  For her presentation, click on here.

 

Tyler Butkus 
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Indonesia
Agriculture
For the presentation on “Optimization and Evaluation of H. illucens Recycling in the Indonesia Supply Chain”, click on here.

 

Emilie Coakley 
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Indonesia      
Music and Religion
For the presentation on “Catholic Music in Indonesia: Representation, Identity Formation, and Community Building”, click on here.

 

Justin D’Agostino 
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Indonesia      
Anthropology – Primatology
For the presentation on “Effects of Anthropogenic Noise on the Natural Calling Behavior of Wild Siamang”, click on here.

 

Jenna Davidson 
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Indonesia      
Biology
For the presentation on “Using Vector Bionomics to Inform Arboviral Intervention Strategies”, click on here.
 

 

Andrea Decker 
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Indonesia
Ethnomusicology

For the presentation on “Dangdut is the Music of My Country:” Class, Genre, and Gender in Indonesia’s Most Popular Music”, click on here.

 

Dr. Andrew Garner           
U.S. Fulbright Scholar – Indonesia                 
Political Science – Elections and Voting Behavior
A Cultural Exchange: Sharing Knowledge and Insight about Democracy and Quantitative Political Science Methods in Indonesia

 

Eric Gulson 
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Indonesia
Biology – Ornithology

For the presentation on “Providing artificial nest cavities in Sulawesi: opportunities for people and birds”, click on here.

 

Kathryn Lee 
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Indonesia
Environmental Science

For the presentation on “Anthropogenic Influences Upon Water Quality and Reef Health in Bali, Indonesia”, click on here.  

 

Matthew Libassi 
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Indonesia
Environmental Social Science

For the presentation on “The History and Development of Informal Gold Mining Institutions in Indonesia”, click on here.  

 

Thao Nguyen          
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Indonesia   
Political science and environmental policy
Comparative analysis of co-management in Wakatobi and Karimunjawa, Indonesia

 

Diana Parker
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Indonesia
Geography

For the presentation on “The Wehea Forest Reserve: A Case Study on Successful Forest Protection in Indonesia”, click on here.  

 

Dr. Andreas Schwab  
U.S. Fulbright Scholar – Indonesia
Business and Entrepreneurship

For the presentation on “Comparative Case Study of Two Entrepreneurial Eco-Systemsa, click on here.   

 

Hannah Standiford  
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Indonesia
Ethnomusicology

For the presentation on “The Political Ecology of Agriculture and Rural Change in Indonesia”, click on here.   

 

Dr. Krisnawati Suryanata
U.S. Fulbright Scholar – Indonesia
Geography of Agriculture and Food

For the presentation on “The Political Ecology of Agriculture and Rural Change in Indonesia”, click on here.   

 

Joss Whitaker 
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Indonesia
Archaeology

For the presentation on “Trade and Power in Northwest Aru”, click on here.   

 

Dr. Dena Clink
U.S. Fulbright Scholar – Malaysia     
Anthropology
The relative importance of geographic distance and ecological similarity as drivers of variation in the great call of the female Boenean gibbon (Hylobates muelleri)                

 

Dr. Michael Farmer  
U.S. Fulbright Scholar – Malaysia
Agriculture

For the presentation on “Ecological-Economic Enterprise Development in the Rural Highlands of Malaysian Borneo”, click on here.   

 

David Kurz 
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Malaysia
Wildlife Ecology and Conservation

For the presentation on “Migration and Movement Ecology of the Bearded Pig (Sus Barbatus) “, click on here. 

 

Dr. Susan Lappan 
U.S. Fulbright Scholar – Malaysia
Biological anthropology/Conservation Biology

For the presentation on “Conservation of the Malaysian Siamang in a Changing World”, click on here.      

 

Moiz Munir 
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Malaysia         
Public Health     
Use and opinions of complementary and alternative medicine to supplement conventional care among cancer patients in Kuala Lumpur  

Cancer is the second greatest cause of premature mortality and one of the fastest growing major disease groups in Malaysia. Complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) are commonly used by Malaysians for cancer and have been linked to late presentation, nonadherence, and interactions with conventional therapies. Recently, CAM has undergone greater acceptance with the hope that bringing CAM into a medical setting will prevent any negatives and provide adjunct care. This study aims to assess opinions of cancer patients on supplementing conventional care with CAM. 20 semi-structured qualitative interviews were carried out in the oncology clinic at Hospital Kuala Lumpur. The interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed. 10 patients were Malay, 8 were Chinese, 2 were Indian and the mean age was 56 years old. The most common cancer of interviewees was breast followed by colorectal cancer. 16 patients used any form of CAM with herbal therapies being the most common. While often patients expressed fear of combining CAM concurrently with conventional treatment due to discussions with doctors, many just avoided mentioning their CAM use. Furthermore, a couple patients—agreeing CAM and conventional therapies should not be combined—had considered delaying conventional treatment partly in favor of CAM and others expressed interest if conventional treatment is ineffective. Most patients supported incorporating CAM services in a hospital because of the convenience and the belief that it could prevent negative interactions and lead to more effective complementary treatments. Our findings suggest patients welcome integrative approaches and expansion of such services could increase patient confidence in their overall treatment, improve patient-doctor communication, and prevent patients from seeking outside therapies. Additionally, physicians must be careful in how strongly they oppose CAM because it could lead to poorer communication and possibly some patients viewing CAM as an alternative rather than a complement. For the presentation, click on here.

 

Samantha Fitzsimmons         
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Malaysia
Public Health
Addressing Stigma as a Barrier to HIV Care for Key Populations in Malaysia

 

Justin Weinstock 
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Malaysia
Anthropology
Living with Giants in the Anthropocene: an ethnography of human-elephant relations in Peninsular Malaysia        

 

Dr. Courtney Welton-Mitchell
U.S. Fulbright Scholar – Malaysia                 
Gender-based violence  
Empowering displaced communities to prevent intimate partner abuse: Evaluation of a messaging intervention designed to change attitudes, promote help-seeking, and improve well-being                 

Title: Development and testing of a gender-based violence intervention to address intimate partner abuse among Rohingya in Malaysia. Abstract: Domestic violence (DV), and more specifically, intimate partner abuse (IPA), is one of the most common forms of gender-based violence worldwide. Risk for IPA can increase during periods of displacement, especially for refugees and other forced migrants. Rohingya in Malaysia are particularly marginalized and vulnerable, being stateless and often unable to legally work or access various services. Related stressors may put Rohingya communities at risk for IPA, while also contributing to under-reporting of incidents and limited help-seeking. Such difficulties may in part explain why, compared to other less common forms of GBV, IPA is rarely addressed by service providers. As part of a larger study, a multi-national team assessed prevalence of and attitudes about IPA amonge. For the presentation, click on here.

 

Dr. Vincent Johnson              
U.S. Fulbright Scholar – Myanmar                    
Law, Ethics, and Anti-Corruption                

My presentation will discuss my experience teaching a new course on “Law, Ethics, and Anti-Corruption” for fourth- and fifth year law students at the University of Mandalay, in Burma.  The course considers the efficacy and limits of various types of anti-corruption measures. First, it examines the meaning and role of overarching concepts, such as the Rule of Law, Due Process, and Judicial Independence, and their place in anti-corruption efforts. Second, the course explores how a legal framework for ethics in public life can be built by adopting and enforcing ethical standards to govern the conduct of lawyers, judges, public officials, government employees, lobbyists, and others. Finally, the role of free speech and a free press in scrutinizing the conduct of public actors is considered, along with the risk of civil and criminal liability for defamation. For the presentation, click on here.       

 

Dr. Roger Marshall
U.S. Fulbright Scholar – Myanmar               
Myanmar’s digital awakening           
How the internet is shaping communications today             

A general education course titled ‘Computers: – fact, fiction, fantasy and film’ which has been offered by the author each semester in the US over a seven-year period has been adapted to fit the Myanmar context. A significant emphasis of the course is on social media, anti- social media, tailored readings and social media experiments. For the presentation, click on here.  

 

Dr. Amy Roberts
U.S. Fulbright Scholar – Myanmar               
Education: Academic Writing and Research; teacher training        
Academic Writing at  Mandalay University: Emerging Insights and Themes   
          

Popular discourses detailing the competitive 21st century global knowledge economy suggest that the economic and social prospects of countries depend on their respective investment of human capital. Significant impacts include both the quality and global competitiveness of educational institutions and systems at all levels, from pre-school to university as well as lifelong learning opportunities beyond formal education. Toward this aim university stakeholders often rely on academic writing as a strategy to enhance the quality and global competitiveness of their institutions. Results can be correlated with expanding publication records of graduate students and faculty across campus programs, colleges, and departments. In response this presentation reports on a Fulbright initiative at Mandalay University in Mandalay Myanmar to provide support for academic writing. To begin a theoretical framework is presented detailing initiatives for university level writing and research courses, writing support groups, and the role of identified faculty to serve as writing coaches. Preliminary findings are discussed along with insights for academic writing within Myanmar academic communities and the regional global context. For the presentation, click on here. 

 

Dr. Rebecca Silverman   
U
.S. Fulbright Scholar – Myanmar               
Education            
Teacher Education in Burma        

The children of Burma will need 21st century skills to fully participate in their rapidly developing and democratizing country.  Traditional teaching practices that focus on memorization and regurgitation rather than understanding and application do not promote these skills.  This presentation will review promising developments and challenges to overcome in the field of teacher education in Burma.

 

Andrea Welsh
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Myanmar
Education
Women’s role in building Myanmar’s economy through TVET

 

Andrew Calvert
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Philippines
Creative Writing
The Thomasites (A Historical Novel)

 

Jonathan Davies
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Philippines
Agriculture
Utilizing Natural Compound Sources to Extend Brown Rice Shelf Life

 

Anthony Garciano
U.S Fulbright Student Researcher – Philippines    
Education and history    
Becoming a Nation: History Education as a Tool for Nation-building in the Philippines       

My research frames history chronologically as it explores Filipino science high school students’ evolving attitudes toward nationalism in the changing political landscape of Philippine society between 1964 to 1983. Past and contemporary historians of Filipino nationalism mostly focus on elites or in illustrating the agency of the Filipino masses during colonialism. Because of this, Filipino nationalist historiographies lack a nuanced discussion of how ordinary Filipino citizens interacted with the government’s nation-building efforts during postcolonial times. Through a discussion of the symbols of nation-building, I show that the relationship between students attending Philippine Science High School and their government coupled with the dynamic political landscape these students traversed allow for a particularly revealing social history of nation-building from the real, lived experiences of actors directly involved in this endeavor. By analyzing the attitudes of these students toward nationalism over time, I aim to prove that, to a certain extent, a nation’s citizens begin to reject and search for alternatives of government-sponsored nationalism when their government fails to represent their value system.

 

Sana Haider
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Philippines
Public Health
Large-scale Introduction of HPV Vaccination Among Underprivileged Elementary School Girls

 

Dr. Matthew Koschmann
U.S. Fulbright Scholar – Philippines           
Communication, civil society, community development          
Comparative Case Studies of Civil Society Collaboration in The Philippines

Collaboration is a hallmark of 21st century organizing, especially in the civil society sector where there is widespread recognition that the complexity and interdependence of many social issues necessitates some type of collaboration response among relevant stakeholders.  However, actual collaboration is much more than a static plan or strategy—it is a dynamic practice and process involving countless interactions, negotiations, and decisions among multiple stakeholders with divergent interests and alternative ways of approaching the relevant issues. Therefore to fully understand civil society collaboration we must observe collaborative efforts over extended periods of time, developing a richer sense of the situations and people involved. Accordingly, my research for this Fulbright project seeks to understand civil society collaboration in the Philippines, especially in the context of disaster risk reduction management (DRRM) units and social service provision, and specifically comparing cases of successful and unsuccessful initiatives.  In particular, this presentation reports on the Manggahan Floodway project in Pasig City, an artificially constructed waterway in metro Manila.  This is a massive public project, and consequently, collaborative groups have formed to address tensions of housing relocation, development of existing living spaces, and land tenure rights.  This case study explores how multiple stakeholders communicate, negotiate, and make decisions to balance a variety of complicated and competing interests. For the presentation, click on here.

 

Dr. Thomas Payne
U.S. Fulbright Scholar – Philippines           
Linguistics           
Mother tongue based multilingual education in the Philippines  

The first language a person learns to speak in the home as a child is known as the “mother tongue”, or “L1″. This is the language that the child knows best, and in which most cognitive, and sociocultural development occurs (see several studies in August & Hakuta, eds., 1997, and Skutnabb-Kangas 2000); it is the matrix within which the human personality is formed and learns to thrive. Since all countries in South East Asia are highly multilingual, the question of how to implement education in minority language communities is a serious and perplexing issue. Education in the mother tongue is recognized as an ideal1, but the practicalities and economics of nation building often take precedence. Sometimes the debate over multi-lingual education is framed as an “either/or” option: either children receive education in their L1, or in the majority national language. Since a major goal of any public education system is to form productive and well-integrated national citizens, the question arises as to whether education in the L1 helps or hinders a child’s educational experience. 

In this paper, I describe current efforts towards developing MTB-MLE materials in Waray, a language of Leyte and Samar in the Eastern Visayas, against the background of a case study in Lubuangan, Kalinga Province, Philippines (Walter, Dekker & Duguiang 2008). In the Lubuangan minority language community, an MTB-MLE program was instigated by community members in 1994, assisted by government and NGO advisors. In 2007, follow up research assessed the effectiveness of the Kalinga MTB-MLE program. The results, presented in a report to the Philippine Congress in 2008, showed significantly improved educational outcomes when the mother tongue was used as a bridge to Filipino and English, over control groups in which the mother tongue was not used. In particular, Filipino and English scores for students in the MTB-MLE schools were significantly higher than in the control groups. The Kalinga experience shows that children who are educated in their own first language, in addition to the national language or languages, actually learn the national languages better than those who are immersed exclusively in national languages from the start. Such research indicates that the best option for mother tongue and national language education is “both/and” rather than “either/or”.               

Currently, faculty and university students in several regional centers in the Philippines are conducting research and developing materials in support of Mother Tongue Based Multi-Lingual Education (see, e.g., http://corporaproject.org). Waray is an important minority language spoken by about 2.5 million people in the Eastern Visayas region of the Philippines. At this point, a pedagogical grammar for use by students and teachers is vital. The expectation is that the current project in Waray will be replicated in up to 10 other minority languages in various parts of the Philippines. The goal of all of these projects is to help fulfill the promise of UN Millennium Development Goal #2, to provide universal primary education. For the presentation, click on here.

 

Dr. Julie Pullen
U.S. Fulbright Scholar – Philippines
Environmental & Climate Science
Improved Flood Prediction through Air/Sea/Land-River Monitoring and Modeling

 

Steven Gu 
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Singapore
Urban Planning and Design

For the presentation on “Shifting Gears: Examining Bike Culture in Singapore”, click on here.   

 

Kalina Silverman 
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Singapore      
Communications, Journalism     
Bridging East-West Communications through BIG TALK   

Singapore’s Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong claims Singapore is a “rare and precious example of a multi-racial, multi-lingual and multi-religious society where people live harmoniously together.”” However, a nationwide survey on race issues commissioned by Channel NewsAsia and the Institute of Policy Studies found that while race relations in Singapore are generally perceived as healthy, there is still a gap between public and private attitudes and actions between different racial groups. In particular, there is a lack of understanding between Singaporeans’ and the population of about one million low waged migrant workers from the developing world – from places such as Malaysia, China, Bangladesh, India, Philippines, and Indonesia – comprising nearly 30% of Singapore’s entire workforce. Research on intercultural communications in Asia suggests that Singapore’s broad power-distance culture may inhibit Singaporeans from empathetically communicating with migrant workers, who fall on a much lower end of the power spectrum than the typical salary level Singaporean. One solution towards encouraging openness and empathy is ‘mindful listening,’ which is linked to ‘power-sharing-skill’. My study focuses on the effects of using the filmed ‘BIG TALK’ method – an interactive framework that aims to break down communication barriers by asking larger (i.e. open, universally applicable, and substantive) life questions, and mindfully listening to responses in encouraging empathy between individuals residing in Singapore who belong to different cultural classification systems (migrant workers and locals). For the presentation, click on here.

 

Kurt Baer 
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Thailand
Ethnomusicology/Cultural Anthropology

For the presentation on “The Performance and Negotiation of Thai Culture: Pong Lang Performance and Meaning Making”, click on here.   

 

Dr. Maryann Bylander
U.S. Fulbright Scholar – Thailand                 
Migration/Development                
Borrowing Across Borders: Migration, Debt and Development in Southeast Asia   
Absurd Journeys: The Costs of Becoming Legal      

In June 2017 the Thai government introduced a new migration law with harsh penalties for undocumented workers and their employers. Fearing hefty fines, Thai employers began forcing Cambodian, Burmese, and Laotian migrant workers to obtain passports and work visas through a process called “national verification.” While this is not the first attempt to legalize Thailand’s estimated four million migrant workers, it has been arguably been the most far-reaching.  By the end of 2017 nearly two million migrants had registered or begun the process. Based on initial fieldwork in Cambodia and Thailand, (alongside prior qualitative and quantitative research) this paper explores the quasi-legal routes that migrants negotiate to obtain legal documents, using these routes as a broader metaphor for the tensions inherent in legalization efforts.  To become legal, migrants already working in Thailand are forced to make absurd journeys—paying legal recruitment agencies to smuggle them across the border with illegal brokers, while incurring impressive costs to “be recruited” into jobs they already had.  These costs are generating new, long-term forms of indebtedness to employers, while removing the freedoms migrants previously had (while undocumented) to leave their employers, change jobs, and regularly return home. Taken together, my research suggests that the increasing costs and restrictions associated with “becoming legal” in Thailand are likely to diminish the potential for migration to contribute to development, while arguably doing little to lessen the vulnerabilities migrant workers face on a daily basis. For the presentation, click on here

 

Dr. James Laskin
U.S. Fulbright Scholar (ASEAN) – Thailand      
Physical Therapy and Global Health
Quality of Life, Physical Activity and Fall Risk in Elderly Lao 
    
    

In the past couple of decades the degree of urbanization of the Lao people has been dramatic. All cause mortality is shifting from infectious diseases to those that are preventable and chronic. These factors along with the social changes in how aging parents were traditionally cared for exacerbate the challenges of caring for a growing elderly population. However, little is known about this growing population of elderly Lao in terms of Quality of Life, health outcomes, levels of physical activity and risk for falls, what we know has been gleaned from Thailand, having similar culture and language. In collaboration with the Rural Development Agency and their extensive network of partner organizations we are developing a survey-based strategy to reach a large cross-section of Lao elderly in urban, peri-urban and rural communities. For elderly Lao there is little of any data available on the physical activity habits, frequency of falls, the fall risk and their quality of life. Besides being a timely and important study, my work with the RDA will help me develop a lasting relationship institutions and I hope grow into a partnership where I can facilitate locally initiated healthcare related research. By participating in this project the RDA and Partner Organizations will be demonstrating their ability to support, provide capacity and leadership to this Researcher and secure their roles in future projects. In addition those involved with the data collection will expand their knowledge, skills and experience in data collection and survey work. For this initial effort we focused on Vientiane Province in order to show proof of concept, feasibility and begin to create a baseline database using a survey approach. The assessment tools are as follows:    

During the months of November and December we were able to collect data on over 300 individuals are in the process of analyzing the date. Once the data has been analyzed we will be able to determine overall perceived QOL, fall risk and habitual physical activity and these domains vary by gender, age, ethnicity and locale. We hope to publish this data as well as present our core findings to the various Partners and other vested organizations with the hope to expand the data collection and begin the process of identifying needs of the aging Laos population. For the presentation, click on here.

 

Hayden Shelby
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher – Thailand
Urban Planning
Making “Secure Housing” in Thailand: An Investigation of a Participatory Policy   
 

 

Tsechu Dolma
U.S. Fulbright Public Policy Fellow  – Timor-Leste
Agriculture, climate change policy, environmental policy, international development, rural poverty alleviation

For the presentation on “Developing Local Responses to Food Security and Climate Change Policy in Timor-Leste”, click on here.   

 

Caitlin Walker
U.S Fulbright Public Policy Fellow  – Timor-Leste
Gender equality policy 

Gender equality policy in Timor-Leste     

My research explores the corporate presence in Timor-Leste and how the policy environment encourages or hinders responsible corporate citizenship in the poorest country in Asia. I will first examine corporate practices related to labor, supply chain, environmental stewardship, community engagement, and governance in the developing country context, looking specifically at existing literature on island nations, and how these practices are influenced by policy. I will aim to create case studies based on data from the major corporate entities operating in Timor-Leste, identifying gaps in corporate social responsibility strategies and providing recommendations both for policy makers and for corporations on contributing to positive economic and social development in Timor-Leste. For the presentation, click on here.      

 

Corey Keating
U.S. Fulbright Student Researcher  – Vietnam
Music (Composition/Performance/Critical Studies)

For the presentation on “Revolution, Globalization, and Technology: Transformation and Preservation of the Musical Traditions of Vietnam”, click on here.   

 

Dr. Michelle McCollin        
U.S. Fulbright Scholar – Vietnam
Special Education             
Using teacher self-efficacy strategies and case studies as transformative tools in creating culturally responsive inclusive classrooms in Southeast Asia             

As we navigate the continuing socio-cultural and geopolitical challenges of the 21st century, many national and local education systems are considering how best to meet the changing needs and demands they face, as it relates to inclusion. One vehicle for doing this is to focus on teachers and teacher prep faculty -since they are the ones who will eventually implement any societal changes being considered. Understanding who teachers are, and how they see themselves, becomes increasingly important as educators, policy makers, and communities consider what they want their educational systems to look like. This seems especially important at this time, when many teacher training programs, such as those in Southeast Asia, namely Vietnam, are facing major reforms and restructuring. Educational research and literature often recognize that teacher self-efficacy is a key factor that influences teachers’ sense of purpose, motivation, attitude, commitment, job satisfaction and effectiveness; and that teacher self-efficacy is shaped by the broader social, cultural, geopolitical, and economic conditions in which they live and work. The Government of Vietnam has shown its commitment to a more inclusive education approach by clearly indicating its desire to provide educational opportunities for children with disabilities in its Education Law (National Assembly, 2005) and particularly in the development and approval of the Education For All National Action Plan 2003–2015. To expand inclusive education into all preschool, primary and secondary schools in Vietnam where an estimated 944,410 teachers require up-skilling/retooling (Statistical Source Office, 2008), appropriate teacher education is required. For the full abstract, click here, and for the presentation, click here.

 

Dr. Robert Thaler
U.S. Fulbright Scholar – Vietnam
Livestock Production & Environmental Management

For the presentation on “Enhancing the Sustainability of Vietnamese Pork Production While Enhancing Environemntal Quality”, click on here.

 

 

 

 

Click on here for the “Rapporteurs’ Reports”